Difference between revisions of "Block Flow Diagram"
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Revision as of 15:35, 19 January 2014
Title: Block flow diagram
Authors: Nick Pinkerton, Karen Schmidt, and James Xamplas
Date Presented: January 15, 2013 /Date Revised: January 18, 2013
Block Flow Diagrams, BFDs, are process flow models used to simplify and understand the structure of a system. BFDs are the simplest form of the flow diagrams used where blocks can represent anything from a single piece of equipment to an entire plant. For a complex process, block flow diagrams can be used to break up a complicated system into more reasonable principle stages.
Block flow diagram
BFD's are a useful tool for reports, textbooks and presentations when a detailed process flow diagram is too cumbersome.
BFDs come in many forms and styles. They can be extremely simple or very detailed in their explanation of a process.
The simplest form of BFD, the I/O (input/output) Diagram provides the material streams entering and exiting the process. The diagram is modeled using arrows entering and exiting a process box to represent the inputs and outputs respectively.
There are several conventions regarding the construction of BFDs that are used in the engineering community. These conventions are recommendations for laying out a block flow process diagram:
1. Operations shown by blocks
2. Major flow lines shown with arrows giving direction of flow
3. Flow goes from left to right whenever possible
5. Critical information unique to process supplied
6. Lines are straight turning at 90 degree angles.
7. If lines cross, the horizontal line is continuous and the vertical line is broken
8. Simplified material balance should be provided
Example 1: Acrylic Acid From Propylene by Catalytic Oxidation
Block Flow Diagram Example 1: Acrylic Acid From Propylene by Catalytic Oxidation
Example 2: Isopropyl Alcohol from Propylene by Direct Hydration
Block Flow Diagram Example 2: Isopropyl Alcohol from Propylene by Direct Hydration
Example 3: Caprolactam From Toluene
Block Flow Diagram Example 3: Caprolactam From Toluene
- Towler, G.P. and Sinnot, R. (2012). Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process Design.Elsevier.
- Biegler, L.T., Grossmann, L.E., and Westerberg, A.W. (1997). Systematic Methods of Chemical Process Design. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall.
- Peters, M.S. and Timmerhaus, K.D. (2003). Plant Design and Economics for Chemical Engineers, 5th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Seider, W.D., Seader, J.D., and Lewin, D.R. (2004). Process Design Principles: Synthesis, Analysis, and Evaluation. New York: Wiley.